How Do I Know if a Pet is Healthy Before Adopting?

Including a brand new pet to your loved ones can generally really feel like a little bit of of venture. In spite of everything, you’re typically supplied with solely a restricted view into the pet’s temperament and medical historical past. As tempting as it could be to convey dwelling the primary pet that you just fall head-over-heels in love with, it’s vital to conduct an trustworthy appraisal of the pet’s well being. The very last thing you need to do is convey dwelling a brand new pet or kitten, grow to be hooked up to that pet, after which discover out that your pet has a severe sickness.

First, Consider the Rescue Group

Whether or not you’re acquiring a pet from a county animal shelter or a small, personal rescue group, it’s vital to rigorously consider the group and their facility.

As you tour the ability, go searching rigorously and discuss to people who’re working there. Think about the next questions:

  • Is the ability clear?
  • Do the animals look like well-cared for?
  • Do the employees/volunteers work together with the pets in a constructive manner?
  • Does the ability conduct some form of screening or interview earlier than adopting out their pets, to assist improve the possibilities of a very good match?

Make sure that the ability offers acceptable veterinary care for his or her pets. All rescue pets ought to obtain a veterinary examination, deworming, vaccinations, diagnostic testing, and therapy for any medical situations which may be obvious. All of this info ought to be documented in every pet’s medical file; these information ought to be given to new homeowners on the time of adoption. A scarcity of veterinary care or imprecise medical information is usually a crimson flag, suggesting that your potential pet’s medical wants haven’t been met.

Subsequent, Consider a Particular Pet

Whereas some illnesses require complicated veterinary diagnostics to find, a short once-over can go a great distance in serving to you choose a wholesome canine or cat for adoption.  

Once you discover a pet that piques your curiosity, spend a while interacting with them and observing them carefully. Make notice of the next:

  • Is the pet at a wholesome weight? Ribs shouldn’t be seen from a distance.
  • Is the pet curious and prepared to work together with strangers?
  • Does the pet eat readily when provided treats? (Don’t provide any treats with out asking the permission of the shelter or rescue group.)
  • Can the pet see and listen to usually?
  • Does the pet transfer round its surroundings comfortably, with none indicators of limping or stiffness?
  • Is the pet lively and capable of play with out extreme indicators of fatigue?

When you and the pet have grow to be snug with one another, you’re able to do a extra hands-on examination. Look over the pet rigorously, working your manner from nostril to tail:

  • Tooth: Are the tooth comparatively clear? Are the gums a wholesome pink coloration?
  • Eyes: Are the eyes clear and freed from discharge?
  • Ears: Are the ears clear and freed from discharge?
  • Coat: Does the pet have a wholesome, unmatted coat that is freed from parasites?
  • Pores and skin: Is the pores and skin freed from seen irritation and tumors?

Should you make it by this examination with out noticing any issues (extra on these under!) there’s a comparatively good probability that your potential pet is freed from main well being issues.

Potential Crimson Flags

As you study your potential pet, preserve a watch out for these potential crimson flags:

  • Extreme dental tartar or unhealthy breath
  • Crimson/infected gums
  • Pale gums
  • Blindness
  • Cloudy or infected eyes
  • Deafness
  • Heavy or smelly discharge throughout the ears
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Lack of urge for food
  • Hair loss or uninteresting coat
  • Fleas or seen “flea filth” (flea feces) within the coat
  • Crimson or itchy pores and skin
  • Pores and skin tumors
  • Limping
  • Ache when touched
  • Poor physique situation (chubby, underweight)
  • Lethargy (low power)

Observing any of those crimson flags means that your potential pet might have an underlying well being drawback. Whereas some medical issues will be simply handled, others are much more complicated to handle. And, contagious medical situations could also be transmissible to you and to different pets in your house. Adopting a wholesome pet is one of the simplest ways to reduce the chance of quick veterinary bills or a possible severe medical situation.

After Adoption, Schedule a Veterinary Examination ASAP!

Even when your pet seems utterly well being, an intensive veterinary examination ought to be your first precedence in your newly-adopted pet.  

Along with a bodily examination, your veterinarian will advocate acceptable diagnostic testing in your new pet. Relying in your pet’s species and age, these assessments might embody fecal parasite testing, heartworm testing, and feline leukemia/feline immunodeficiency virus testing.

A immediate veterinary examination is crucial for a number of causes. First, many medical situations are simply treatable. Early therapy permits your new pet to really feel higher rapidly and may cut back the chance of illness transmission to your human and four-legged relations. Moreover, a immediate veterinary examination will offer you beneficial info relating to your pet’s well being standing. In case your new pet has a situation that you’ll be unable to take care of, you could possibly return them to the rescue group earlier than making an amazing emotional and monetary funding. Giving up a newly-adopted pet isn’t straightforward, however this resolution solely turns into tougher as time elapses.

Your veterinarian also can function a wonderful useful resource for info on diet, coaching, socialization, and different features of pet possession.


Don’t get distracted by an lovable set of puppy-dog eyes or candy kitten purrs! As a substitute, stay level-headed when adopting a brand new pet.

Conduct an trustworthy appraisal of each the rescue group and the particular pet by which you’re . Cautious statement and temporary hands-on inspection can improve the probability of adopting a wholesome pet that can get pleasure from an extended, pleased life with your loved ones.

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